Prior to going bankrupt, Hanjin Shipping had chartered five, 3,400-TEU vessels and eight, 10,100-TEU vessels from Danaos.
The United States Maritime Alliance, the employer group that negotiates the master contract with the International Longshoremen's Association, called the ILA’s planned work stoppage threat “disturbing.”
The terminal operator increased spending from $70 million to $200 million in preparation for ultra large containerships.
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Five leading shipowner groups have warned that unrealistic demands for carbon dioxide reductions could result in a shift toward less energy efficient transport modes.
Perry Bourne, director of international transportation and supply chain management at Tyson Foods, is calling on terminals to help mitigate the impact of big ships on cargo flows.
What has been accepted as standard practice for decades - large shippers cementing big volume annual contracts with carriers and smaller shippers, forwarders and NVOs picking up the scraps on the spot market - is now being heavily scrutinized.