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The agreement with trade union ver.di includes salary increases in 2016 and 2017, as well as employee protection against job dismissal through 2019.
The ocean carrier has implemented similar fees in other regions, and says the switch to electronic bookings is crucial for data accuracy and customer responsiveness.
The Port of Baltimore told American Shipper it will offer ocean carriers financial incentives to use rail for inland moves.
The second quarter financial results of ocean carriers NYK, MOL and "K" Line reflected a weak Asia-Europe market and strong supply pressure.
The U.S. Senate also passed a long-term highway bill that will be debated by the House after the summer break.
The European Commission will now conduct an in-depth analysis under the EU's merger regulations before coming to a decision on FedEx's $4.8 billion offer to buy TNT.