Shippers and carriers would do well to better understand the payment concerns of the other.
Environmentalists complain about pollution from container terminal and want more mitigation.
The lack of a labor contract for West Coast longshoremen is contributing to West Coast port congestion, trade groups say.
Port executives say mediation 'has become a critical and necessary tool' in the West Coast labor negotiaitons.
Teamster-supported strikers end labor action in Southern California,
The ILWU and ILA will likely have concurrent contract negotiations, making cargo diversion difficult, an NRF official said.